Watercore engineers design and manufacture DMI-65 catalytic Iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) water filters for industrial and commercial applications.
Iron and Manganese along with turbidity are the most common quality issues in Australian aquifers. The recommended limits of 0.3 mg/l for Fe and 0.05 mg/l for Mn in drinking water are the approximate concentrations above which iron and Manganese cause problems like taste/odour, laundry stains, and blockages.
Iron and manganese are also problematic in industrial applications such as cooling water, boiler feed and most of all in steam generation as their precipitates will reduce heat transfer and increase corrosion risk.
This way, iron removal is a common stage in drinking and industrial water treatment. Manganese, usually present in lower concentrations, will also be removed,
Iron can be found in water as dissolved Fe2+ (ferrous) or as precipitate Fe3+ (ferric). In the same way, Manganese can be found dissolved as Mn2+ or insoluble as Mn3+ or Mn4+.
Dissolved Iron and Manganese cannot be filtered easily and the common practice is to oxidise all Fe2+ and Mn2+ to Fe3+ and Mn3+ and then remove the precipitate flocks by filtration.
Fe and Mn can be oxidised using aeration, chlorine dosing or any other oxidation agent but reaction times are, in general, high (5 to 30 min). These reaction times can be accelerated by means of a catalytic media like Greensand or DMI-65, with which Fe and Mn are oxidised and precipitated by contact with the catalytic media.
|Data Sheet||Fe & Mn reduction by media filtration|
5 – 200 m3/h
Raw Water Turbidity
If turbidity > 1 NTU it is recommended to use a pre-filtration
8 – 12 m/h (m3/h per m2). Fe concentration and presence of Mn will determine final filtration rate design
2 bar – 8 bar
0.3 – 3 m
1.1 – 3 m
FRP filament winding
Automatic (diff Pressure)
|Model||Filtration Flow |
|Tank Dimensions |
D x H (inches)
|HR-SF22||0.4 (10 m3/day)||0.9 (22 m3/day)||8×44||3/4″|
|HR-SF30||0.6 (15 m3/day)||1.2 (30 m3/day)||9×48||3/4″|
|HR-SF36||0.7 (18 m3/day)||1.5 (36 m3/day)||10×54||3/4″|
|HR-SF44||0.9 (22 m3/day)||1.8 (44 m3/day)||12×52||1″|
|HR-SF65||1.3 (32 m3/day)||2.6 (65 m3/day)||13×54||1″|
|HR-SF75||1.6 (38 m3/day)||3.2 (75 m3/day)||14×65||1-1/2″|
|HR-SF88||1.8 (44 m3/day)||3.6 (88 m3/day)||16×65||1-1/2″|
|HR-SF115||2.4 (57 m3/day)||4.75 (115 m3/day)||18×65||1-1/2″|
|HR-SF145||3 (72 m3/day)||6 (145 m3/day)||21×62||1-1/2″|
|HR-SF200||4.1 (100 m3/day)||8.2 (200 m3/day)||24×72||1-1/2″|
|HR-SF256||5.3 (128 m3/day)||10.7 (256 m3/day)||30×72||2″|
|HR-SF400||8.2 (200 m3/day)||16.5 (400 m3/day)||36×72||2″|
|HR-SF580||12 (290 m3/day)||15 (377 m3/day)||42×72||2″|
|HR-SF630||13.1 (315 m3/day)||17 (400 m3/day)||48×72||2″|
|HR-SF1000||21 (500m3/day)||27 (650 m3/day)||63×86||3″|
Filtering Iron and Manganese from water can be a challenging task. Present in dissolved or colloidal state will require the application of different filtration methods.
When deciding the right water treatment for removing Iron and Manganese from water, Watercore can help with a range of solutions that will improve the operational efficiency and final treatment costs.
REVERSE OSMOSIS DESALINATION
IRON AND MANGANESE FILTERS
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