A pilot plant is a collection of equipment and other materials designed to simulate what will happen on a full-scale water treatment process.
Pilot testing offers the flexibility to evaluate the performance of a scale plant that will work in real site conditions. It will show what needs to be improved and where weaknesses are.
The use of soft water as cooling tower source water is beneficial in many ways, eliminating Calcium precipitates, providing a natural passivation method that prevents corrosion and increasing the number of concentration cycles with less chemicals.
Water softening is one of the most beneficial water management options for cooling towers
Cooling towers draw air through the internal fill to provide the evaporative conditions that are responsible for water cooling.
Rule-of-thumb says that around 900–1800 m3 of air is in contact with each m3 of water.
The air normally contains particles of dust, soil, organic matter and other small contaminants in suspension. These particles are dragged from the air, carried by the cooling tower water stream and settle to the bottom.
Sidestream filtration is an economical and effective solution for cooling systems
Modern stringent environmental regulations along with water scarcity have increased pressure on water recycling in cooling tower systems. Reverse Osmosis desalination is the primary and most affordable water recycling technique.